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The rise of communism and fascism

Compare and contrast communism and fascism. Select one example for each to examine the origins of the governments, their accomplishments and their failures. What accounts for the fact that the masses mobilize to support these movements? Elaborate. 


Rise of Communism and Fascism

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Rise of Communism and Fascism

Communism is a socio-economic and political ideology that advocates for a society without states and classes. Ideally, the movement wants all property to be community-owned rather than owned by individuals. On the other hand, fascism is an authoritarian nationalist political ideology that involves ruling by one powerful dictator with a well-defined social structure. Additionally, communism and fascism contrasted in the economic system adopted. Communism opted for common production means, negating the need for private ownership of capital goods. Contrastingly, fascism allowed private business ownership; however, the state dictates the outputs and investments.

One of the major examples of communism is the former Soviet Union. The origin of communism in the USSR government is ascribed to the October revolution. During the October Revolution, the Bolshevik party led by Vladimir Lenin seized power in Russia, created USSR, and became the first communist government. Due to communism, the USSR government was extremely successful until its collapse in 1991. Some of its accomplishments include; the development of the world's first nuclear reactor, nuclear-powered civilian vessel, artificial satellite, nuclear power plant, and nuclear-powered icebreaker (Bukharin & Preobrazensky, 2021). Unfortunately, in the early years of communism in the USSR, factories collapsed due to lack of fuel and shortage of labor.

Seemingly, another example of fascism is the Nazi rule in Germany from 1933 to 1945. After World War 1, Germany faced immense economic depression and a surge in unemployment. Nazi party focused on the situation, which made them win the 1933 election, and Adolf Hitler was appointed the chancellor (Eatwell, 2019). This created the origin of Nazi rule, which governed using totalitarian means. Notably, the Nazi rule's major accomplishments include uniting the German and Austrian people and implementing economic development policies. Contrastingly, the major failure of the Nazi rule was failed invasion of the Soviet Union, which led to its conquering and capitulation. 

Seemingly, both communism and fascism movements are based on understanding social, political, and economic systems. These ideologies provide the basis of history and future visions. Therefore, through an articulate explanation of the ideologies. It is easier to attain mass mobilization, which is integral to the success of the movements. 


Conclusively, communism and fascism are common ideologies and movements used in European countries during the mid-20th century. Fascism and communism differ mostly based on ideas, social structure, and economic and political system ideologies. Communism is mainly characterized by communal ownership of the property, while fascism is centered around dictatorship and individual property ownership governed by states. 



Bukharin, N., & Preobrazensky, E. (2021). The ABC of communism (Vol. 41). Pattern Books.

Eatwell, R. (2019). Fascism. In Contemporary political ideologies (pp. 169-191). Routledge.


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