Descriptive Essay

21 May 2023

A descriptive essay gets the readers to imagine by appealing to their senses. These essays describe a person, an object, a process, or an event. Students are often asked to write descriptive essays to improve their writing skills and to learn to express themselves. Some careers may require you to continue writing descriptive papers way into the future. This article will guide you through the steps of writing an effective descriptive essay. Keep on reading to learn how to write a descriptive essay step by step. 

Description vs. Descriptive Essay

Descriptive essays are sometimes confused with descriptions. Although both aim to illustrate a picture in the reader's mind, they differ in their writing style. A description can be in the form of a paragraph without any specific structure. On the other hand, descriptive essays have multiple paragraphs with a complete structure. They have a thesis statement, an introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion.

You should be familiar with the distinction between describing something and writing a descriptive essay for you to understand how to write a descriptive essay. Writing a descriptive essay requires organization, a strong thesis statement at the end of the introduction, three supporting paragraphs, and a conclusion. However, a description need not be logically structured. Its primary function is to provide a straightforward description of a subject, free of any intellectual pretensions.



Types of Descriptive Writing

There are two approaches you can take when writing a descriptive essay. You can write a personal or formal description. 

1.        Personal Essay

A personal description lets you use your responses and feelings to make a description of an experience. For example, you can describe your favorite film and how it influences you. Such an assignment encourages using vivid language that can provoke the reader's empathy.

2.        Formal Description

This approach uses a clear structure to communicate ideas. Unlike personal essays, formal description essays do not use information from personal experiences. They rely on specific information to appeal to the reader's imagination instead. Some discussions that would use a formal approach include topics such as climate change, historical events, politics, etc.

Structure of a Descriptive Essay

Similar to most academic papers, descriptive essays have an introduction, body, and conclusion. When you frame these parts well, your essay will be coherent, and understandable. So how do you write them?


-          Introduction





The introduction paragraph introduces the subject you are describing and prepares the reader for what's coming. It consists of:


●         Hook- Begin the paragraph with a sentence that captures the reader's attention right away.

●         Background information- Inform the reader what the essay will contain and explain why you find it important.

●         Thesis - End the paragraph with a thesis statement. Create a thesis statement of 1 or 2 sentences summarizing the work. It should mention the subject you are describing and the reason for describing it.

-          Main Body 




The body discusses the main points of the essay. You can use three paragraphs to write separate ideas depending on your assignment's requirements. Use this formula to write your body paragraphs.

●         Write a topic sentence- Begin the body paragraphs with a topic sentence. A topic sentence presents what the paragraph will focus on.

●         Write descriptive information - Use descriptive words, phrases, and sentences to explain the subject. Incorporate sensory details to engage the readers' senses. The reader should smell, taste, hear, feel and see what you are describing.

●         Use transition sentences - Use transition sentences to end the paragraph and move to the next. Transition sentences help to link ideas giving the essay a good flow.


-          Conclusion





The conclusion paragraph will summarize all the key points in the paper. Where necessary, reaffirm the thesis to show the reader the essay met its purpose. Use this formula:


●         Provide the reason for writing - Say what inspired you to address the topic and the impact the topic has had on your life.

●         Highlight key details - Give a quick summary of the main points in your paper.

●         Include a reinforcing statement- End the paper with a statement that leaves an impression on the reader's mind. It could be an intriguing question, quote, or idea.


Steps of Writing a Descriptive Essay

1)        Research 

Do some research to look at the available sources to ensure they have important information for the topic you want to cover

2)        Brainstorm Sensory Details 

 Create 5 columns on a paper and label them with the 5 senses. Fill in the columns with any thoughts you associate with the subject. You can use descriptive adjectives, similes, metaphors, and other language tools to make it as descriptive as possible.

3)        Create an Outline

Don't jump into writing yet. Create an outline listing the ideas you will convey in each paragraph. An outline helps to organize your thoughts and paper and ensures all the intended information is covered.

4)        Write the First Draft

Now convert your outline into complete sentences. Write quickly all the sentences that come to your mind. Don't be bothered with how it looks for now. You will polish it later. Concentrate on building content. 

5)        Write a Final draft

Now it's time to make your work score. Add necessary details that build on the information or make the work easy to understand. Also, include any sensory details that you might have left out. Examine how the text flows, and feel free to reorganize it where necessary. You can also delete some unnecessary information.

6)        Proof Reading

You are almost finishing your essay. Well done! Read it to check for content, grammar, spelling, and formatting mistakes. Where possible, also ask another person to read it for you. It is easier to spot mistakes in another person's work. You can also use online software like Grammarly to help you find and correct mistakes.


Use this checklist to make sure your descriptive essay is perfect


✔        Is the essay easy to read?

✔        Did you use vivid descriptive language?

✔        Does the thesis highlight the purpose of the paper?

✔        Did you provide enough details for the reader to understand fully?

✔        Did you take out unnecessary information?

✔        Is the essay free of errors?


Here is an example to give you an idea of how to start writing your descriptive essay.


Why Write a Descriptive Paper?

An effective descriptive essay will give readers a deeper grasp of the subject at hand through vivid imagery and specific anecdotes. A descriptive essay's goal is to paint a vivid picture of whatever it's describing, be it a historical event, a physical place, or a piece of art.

You, the writer, can get something from a well-written descriptive essay, too. This essay style is essential for developing your descriptive writing skills, whether writing about something as intimate as a cultural landmark.


The Issues That You Can  Describe In Your Essay

A descriptive essay is a broad essay which means you could be asked to describe almost anything. Here are some of the issues stat you could be asked to describe in your essay:

·         A location. When describing a location in your writing, the most important thing to accomplish is to explain it in a way that stands out and is intriguing to the reader. The reader(s) of your work should have a sense of the beauty of the cities you select, such as LA or Venice.

·         Some living, alive individuals. The purpose of this paper is to discuss a certain individual. You can do this in various ways, from simply describing their appearance to writing about their behaviours, traits, activities and attitude.

·         An event. What happened here has to be explained. It might be your graduation day, concert, last trip, wedding, anniversary, summer music, festival, or any other significant event in your life.

·         A line of work. Describe your occupation or field of work here.

·         Some action. You should use this style to describe a person's actions in writing. Maybe you want to elaborate on your friend's peculiar behavior, or point out how certain types of people respond differently depending on the circumstances.

·         A living creature. This category requires you to supply specifics about the animal. It could be because of its behavior, physical characteristics, or physiology.


How to Describe Something in Your Paper

To write a good descriptive essay, you must think of creative ways to make your subject come alive for the reader. When writing an informal essay, you are not required to give a word-for-word description of your subject.

Make use of metaphors and similes

Metaphors and similes are examples of figurative language used to generate an impact beyond the literal meaning of the words. This sets your essay apart from the others and makes your descriptive writing stand out from the crowd; it is, therefore, crucial in a descriptive essay.

You don't need to overdo it by utilizing figurative language in every phrase, but doing so creatively here and there will keep the reader interested and show them that you have a fresh take on the topic.

Be creative

Rule number one on how to write a descriptive essay. Use vivid imagery, specific sensory elements, and powerful wording to make your description stand out.

Use your senses

The utilization of sensory elements is also essential in descriptive writing. This necessitates not only describing how something appears visually but also how it tastes, sounds feels, and smells.

Pick your words carefully

Selecting the right words is essential when attempting descriptive writing. The choice of adverbs, verbs, and even nouns can significantly impact the overall effect of your writing, including the usage of adjectives.

It's tempting to fall back on tired expressions but challenge yourself to think deeper and find more specific creative words. Clichés offer tried-and-true methods of description, but they don't give the reader insight into your take on the subject.

If you feel that a new term might better express what you're going for, read through your phrases and see if you can find any. Finding suitable replacement words can be difficult, but a thesaurus can help.


How to prepare for Descriptive Essays

How to write a descriptive essay entails more than just picking a topic and getting started on writing. Here is how to prepare for descriptive essays.

Formulate a thesis statement that will serve as the paper's central argument. Make sure you employ the correct thesis format and that it can inform readers about why you are writing it. The major body of your paper should describe the most vital and engaging evidence you have gathered to support your argument.

Outline your academic paper, noting in each paragraph what will be covered. There should be an introduction, several body paragraphs, and a conclusion.

How to Write an outstanding College Paper

The structure you choose should make perfect sense in the context of your topic. In the case of event analysis, for instance, the paragraphs would be best presented in chronological sequence. Place descriptions should progress from broad to specific.

Write an engaging and understandable intro. It's not quite like a cv example, and it's where you lay out the big picture of why you're writing this descriptive essay.

Every paragraph should have a topic sentence that is both specific and concise. Because of this, the audience can have a clearer grasp of its fundamental goals. Check that every one of them is connected to the main idea.

Expand your sensory description to back up your argument. Similes, Metaphors and the like are only some of the literary devices at your disposal.

Finish your descriptive essay with a solid conclusion that recaps all the key points you made. Since it is the last part of the paper that readers will encounter, it must reiterate your central argument.

Some Tips After Finishing Your Descriptive Essay Draft

When you've done writing your descriptive essay, it's important to unwind and give your mind a rest before returning to it with fresh eyes. Look back at it in the future and give your opinion on it.

Reread your essay from the reader’s perspective and see if you can answer some simple questions about it. Does it progress in a way that will make your topic clearer to the reader? What paragraphs don't make sense?

Reading it over again may help you accomplish several tasks, including finding parts that may be unclear or unpleasant.

To make sure your descriptive essay makes sense and is error-free, have some friends or classmates read it over.

Check for grammatical problems, typos and overused phrases before submission.

How To Choose An Appropriate Descriptive Essay Topic

• Think carefully about the descriptive topic you've found thus far. Is there anything here that piques your curiosity? Experts agree that when invested in what they're studying, the research and writing flow more smoothly.

How long is your paper supposed to be? Five pages? A descriptive essay paper for senior year?

• Pick a descriptive essay topic that can be adequately covered in the allotted space of your essay.

• You won't be able to cover your subject thoroughly or make it fascinating if it's too wide. If your topic is too specific, you may find it challenging to gather sufficient information for your essay.

Finally, you should consider what you hope to accomplish in your essay. Keep in mind that you are writing a descriptive essay.

Descriptive essay topics

You are almost there on how to write a descriptive essay. Here are the top descriptive essay topics you can choose from.

● The one spot in town I love the most

● Favourite room in the house

● I spent my childhood where I would most like to spend my retirement.

● To put it simply, I've found the ideal bedroom

● My Ideal Home

● This cafe is like my favorite classroom.

● I recently dreamed about my favorite restaurant.

● When I'm not walking my dog in this park, I'm shopping at my favorite store.

● What I view outside my window, the neighborhood I like to stroll around, and the museum I recently visited

● An urban area where I became disoriented

● Quite possibly the world's most thrilling voyage

● The most stunning location on Earth or the best tourist attraction in your town

● The stunning phenomenon of the northern lights.

● This list features five of Asia's most popular tourist spots.

● The World's Most Stunning Islands

● As everyone's number one vacation spot, it's clear that

● Exciting beaches all across the world

● Travelling to Thailand is a wonderful idea.

● Europe's most enthralling travel location

● Essay Prompts for Describe a Location

● Tell me about the house you grew up in.

● Tell us about a special area that held special meaning for you when you were a kid.

● The perfect home for me

● One of nature's most stunning settings

● Easily the best eatery in town.

● There will always be a piece of me there in my hometown.

● a location housing a university or college

● One-of-a-kind location

● The child's hidden room

● My dream featured this location.

● Activities, jobs, and pastimes

● Next Steps for My Career

● One of my favorite pastimes

● The pastime of a buddy of mine

● how my loved ones unwind

● My go-to nightclub

● This is the kind of work I've always wanted to do.

● What I've taken up as a new pastime

● How I usually begin my day

● This is how I normally wind down at night

● A couple gets ready for a romantic evening

● Starting my first novel.

● The process of gaining knowledge

● Having a passing grade on a test

● How I Learn Best

● What I do in the gym

● Creating a Depiction in a Drawing

● The Art of the Pie

● The house of my neighbor

● Taking a peek into the future

● My life is cooking.

● How it feels to have superstition as a friend

● Perfect place for a dream vacation

● One of the eight wonders of the world is the Tajmahal.

● The Chinese Great Wall

● The first email I sent was

● My dream camping trip

● Everest is the tallest mountain.

● My latest museum visit experience

● A place I loved when I was young

● The place I only see in my dreams.

● The first time I went to a theater


● A trip to the moon

● A paranormal experience

● A trip to the waiting room

● Best outdoor walk experience

● The main office of the school

● "My worst time in a gas station bathroom"

● The first day of college for me

● I went scuba diving when

● The first year of college is an adventure

● The perfect bedroom

● How is it to be a pilot in the air force?

● A meeting with a space alien

● Give us the lowdown on the most breathtaking natural landmark you've ever seen. How frequently do you come here? So, why not?

● Share a memory of complete and utter joy.

● Discuss a formative event that occurred when you were a kid. What would it be if you could pinpoint one way this experience has influenced your present path?

● Speculate about the characteristics of the community where you see yourself settling down in the not-too-distant future.

● Do you have a preferred learning environment? Use this unique setting as inspiration for your writing.

 The Bottom Line

At this point, you understand how to write a descriptive essay. You must understand what you are expected to write in a descriptive essay. How to choose a descriptive essay topic, create a descriptive essay outline, and the stylistic device to use in your essay. A descriptive essay requires you to be as creative as possible and let your creativity flow on your paper.


If you are stuck on how to go about your descriptive essay. Do not fret. can help you out. We are an essay writing service dedicated to making your life easier. Sign up and place your order, and our expert writers will write you an outstanding descriptive essay. 


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